At Work & Economics 101 & Public Square & Theology 101

Economics: A Tool for Navigating a Fallen World

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Editor’s Note: Today we introduce Dr. Anne Rathbone Bradley, a new contributor to this blog and the Vice President of Economic Initiatives here at the Institute for Faith, Work & Economics. While Hugh Whelchel will continue to post on the Biblical doctrine of work, Anne, a former professor at George Mason University, will begin to post about once a week on what economics has to do with faith, work, and calling.

We have talked a lot about the “Four-Chapter Gospel” and the implications for how we think about integrating faith, work and economics.  This new paradigm requires us to consider the implications of the Fall and our journey toward Restoration.  Fallenness is a fact of our daily existence, something we constantly face.  The good news is that economics provides a tool to help us navigate our fallen world.

Over the weeks ahead, we’ll be looking at some of the fundamental principles of economics and what they mean for us as Christians seeking to live out our calling.  Concepts such as:

  • scarcity
  • knowledge
  • choices and risk
  • specialization/comparative advantage
  • incentives
  • markets

Take scarcity for example. The fallen world is one where scarcity abounds.  We don’t have unlimited time, energy, resources, or relationships.  Even the wealthiest person you can think of faces scarcity, both in terms of time and the fragility of our own lives.  Think of Steve Jobs, who was very rich in earthly terms.  He was limited by the number of hours in each day and his own lifespan.

This scarcity we face is ongoing and will not end as long as we live on this earth.  It imposes constraints on our behavior.

For example, I may have many and varied interests, but I am unable to pursue them all concurrently.  If I choose to pursue a legal profession, it is unlikely that I can simultaneously pursue a career as a doctor.  So life in a fallen world requires that we make choices.  Each choice imposes a cost, even if the cost is only in terms of our time.

How do we choose who to marry, what profession to pursue, what city to live in?  Many of us probably don’t realize that we are daily making cost-benefit decisions, using the tool of economics (in a broad sense, not just financial decisions) to help us navigate a world full of knowledge that we can’t grasp all at once.

Have you ever heard the saying “Hindsight is 20/20”?  It means that if I knew when I had to make a choice what I know now, I could have made a better choice.  In a fallen world, choice is constrained by risk.  Risk exists because we don’t have perfect information – we’re not omniscient.

Put simply, economics is the study of individual choice under scarcity and the process of adjustment.  Both life and the discipline of economics are dynamic.  The conditions and constraints we face are constantly changing.  Economics helps us understand how individuals make choices and adjust to new constraints.

As James Gwartney says in Common Sense Economics,

“…that is the task of economics – to explain the forces that affect human decision-making.”

I believe God has given us economics to help us find our way through a fallen world, where information is almost endless and not all of it is ever known to one individual.

Even though we live in a fallen world, God calls us to work and to prosper – to wisely steward what he has given us.  We see this in the Parable of the Talents, and in God’s call to his people in exile in Babylon:

“…seek the peace and prosperity of the city to which I have carried you into exile. Pray to the LORD for it, because if it prospers, you too will prosper.” Jeremiah 29:7

Economics provides a framework for understanding how to navigate a fallen world, glorify God through our vocation, and provide for the common good of society.

Question: What is your understanding of economics and its relevance to your own vocation?  Leave a comment.

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  • anarchobuddy

    I find Mises’ definition of economics to be interesting: “a science of the means to be applied for the attainment of ends chosen, not, to be sure, a science of the choosing of ends.” I see this to be consistent with providing “a framework for understanding how to navigate a fallen world.” Thinking of economics as the study of decision-making, I think, is appropriate.

    My current vocation is an internship that is dedicated to learning Internet marketing (or, more specifically, learning to create Adsense-optimized websites). Ironically, sometimes I feel such sites are an example of a fallen world. I’m talking of those pages that are loaded with ads in the hopes that the poor visitor might click on one. I hope what I create can be useful to the visitor and the advertiser, as well as generate revenue.

    The reason I chose to pursue this internship is that I highly value flexibility and freedom. After having spent a few months in Thailand, I discovered that I desire to work remotely and not be tied to a location to earn income. Being able to travel and earn a paycheck is a top priority for my career goals.

    I understand that this is not without costs; obviously there are going to be occupations that require a physical presence and cannot be done remotely, thus limiting my options. This limit of options might close certain higher paying occupations. But, I have judged the benefits to heavily outweigh the costs.

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