Theology 101

The Bible Tells Us Creation Is Good, but It Also Calls for Self-Denial. Isn’t This Contradictory?

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We read in Genesis that God created the heavens and the earth out of nothing and that all he had made was good (Gen. 1:4, 10, 12, 18, 21, 25). It is clear from the creation story that the Lord delights in the work of his hands.

Humans, being created in God’s image, are called to be sub-creators. We cannot create something out of nothing, but we were made to create something out of something. Through our work we are called to be productive. We should enjoy not only the work of God’s hands, but also that of our own.

Creation Is Still Good

Yet some Christians believe that the physical world is no longer good because of the Fall. They believe the enjoyment of material things has no place in the life of a believer. Throughout the history of the church, Christians have been tempted to devalue the richness of creation, as if it is more “spiritual” to live a life devoid of beauty, and music, literature, painting, and all the other things man has produced out of God’s bounty.

This is not a new idea. During the Reformation, John Calvin responded to this negative view with a resounding affirmation of the beauty of this world and the appropriateness of our delight in it. In The Golden Booklet of the Christian Life, he wrote,

Should the Lord have attracted our eyes to the beauty of the flowers, and our sense of smell to pleasant odors, and should it then be sin to drink them in?

The 17th century philosopher Blaise Pascal writes,

All men seek happiness. This is without exception. Whatever different means they employ, they all tend to this end.

Pascal is right. God purposefully designed us to pursue happiness and delight. One of the areas in which we are to find this happiness and delight is in God’s creation.

The Bible and Self-Denial

But the Bible calls for self-denial for those who would follow Christ. Didn’t Jesus say, “If any man would come after me, let him deny himself” (Mt. 16:24). How can we enjoy ourselves and deny ourselves at the same time?

It is a mistake to believe self-denial requires abstinence from all earthly pleasures. This is not what the Bible teaches. The Bible never suggests that a Christian practice asceticism, which is self-denial carried to a sinful extreme. On the contrary, God has richly blessed us “with everything for our enjoyment,” as it says in 1 Timothy 6:17.

The Apostle Paul writes in Titus 2:11-12:

For the grace of God has appeared that offers salvation to all people. It teaches us to say “no” to ungodliness and worldly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright and godly lives in this present age.

Self-denial is saying “no” to ungodliness and worldly passions and living our lives within the righteous framework God has established. We are to do what God has commanded us to do and abstain from what God has commanded us not to do.

People ruled by their own selfish desires will seek to satisfy those desires without regard for God’s laws. Self-denial requires that our desire to obey God overrule our destructive desires to find satisfaction outside of what God has for us.

Jesus requires us to deny ourselves, to subject our own desires and will to God’s will. But God’s will allows us to enjoy his creation and lawfully satisfy our physical desires.

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