The subject of this paper is the biblical basis for the conviction that government must be limited in its reach and coercive force. It recognizes the tension implied in Paul’s admonition to the Christians in Rome to render the proper honor to a pagan government that was “instituted” and “appointed” by God but had a “sword” for a defined purpose only (Rom. 13:1-7). It also recognizes that the founding documents of the American republic presuppose a Creator and presuppose creatures—both governors and governed—whose governance is problematic. The American Revolution is unique in history in that it proposed to institute practical republican governance (actual experimental politics as opposed to intellectual “political science”) based on this presupposition.